History & Geography of Mauritius
Perched on the archipelagos of the Mascarenes, 160 km east of Reunion Island and 920 km east of Madagascar, the Republic of Mauritius comprises of the main island which is Mauritius and Rodrigues, Saint Brandon and Agaléga. This country with its four coloured flag made of red, blue, yellow and green simply symbolizes the jewel of the Indian Ocean.
Born out of a volcano, Mauritius unfolds itself on an extent of 1,865 sqm (65 kms in length by 48 kms in with). Almost entirely surrounded by coral reefs, its coastline spreads itself on almost 330 kms. The topography is made of a vast central plateau culminating at an altitude of 600m whereupon three mountain ranges proudly stand out with the peaks Piton de la Rivière Noire (828m), Pieter Both (823m) and Le Pouce (812m).
Beaches with immaculate sand, calm sea and lagoons with iridescent colours, this heavenly environment also offer to its visitors the splendid scenery of its sugar cane lands. Its subtropical forests, rivers and waterfalls complete this scenery with multiple nuances, the ones more seductive than the others.
Formerly called “Isle de France” this Eden has preserved the paths trodden by the colonial Dutch, French and British explorers. In our times, it is the Indian civilization which has the greatest influence of its cultural life. As time went by, the culinary traditions of almost all these countries have been reinvented, to include in its original mix the most exotic ingredients of the island thus giving birth to the typical Mauritian cuisine.
The influences of the oriental, African and eastern civilizations meet up in this festive world. The Sega is the essential unifying element of the traditional Mauritian culture. It has the originality of combining music and dance.
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